native perennials

Perennials

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Sorry if some of the scientific names are out of date. For more details, see my encyclopedia!

Scientific NameCommon NameComments
Achillea millefolium Common yarrow deciduous, 1-2 ft., sun, moist - dryish; ferny foliage, white flowers, medicinal, long-lasting, attracts butterflies (Asteraceae)
Achlys triphylla Vanillaleaf deciduous, 6-12 in., moist, part shade; lush woodland ground cover, small, white flowers on stalk above leaves (Berberidaceae)
Allium cernuum Nodding onion deciduous, 1-1.5 ft., mostly sun, moist-dryish; nodding pink flowers, edible, good in butterfly garden (Liliaceae)
Anaphalis margaritacea pearly everlastingdeciduous, 1-2.5 ft., sun, moist / dryish; small, white flowers papery, long-lasting, attracts butterflies (Asteraceae)
Anemone multifida Cliff anemone deciduous, 6-16 in., sun, dryish; finely divided leaves, cream/pinkish flowers (Ranunculaceae)
Anemone patens (A. nuttalliana) Pasque flower deciduous, 1-2 ft., sun, moist - dryish; finely divided leaves, purple flowers followed by silvery, plumed fruits (Ranunculaceae)
Angelica lucida Sea-watch deciduous, 3-5 ft., sun, moist; divided leaves, flat-topped clusters of tiny, white flowers; butterflies (Apiaceae)
Antennaria microphylla (A. rosea) Rosy pussytoes deciduous, 4-16 in., sun, dryish; silvery leaves, papery, pinkish flowers; butterflies, good ground cover among rocks (Asteraceae)
Aquilegia formosa Red columbine deciduous, 1.5-3 ft., part shade, moist; graceful plants, red and yellow spurred flowers attract hummingbirds, chickadees like the seeds (Ranunculaceae)
Artemisia ludoviciana Western wormwood deciduous, 1-5 ft., mostly sun, moist-dry; silvery, aromatic foliage, small flowers; good in a wildflower meadow, butterfly garden or perennial bed (Asteraceae)
Aruncus sylvester Sylvan goatsbeard deciduous, 3-5 ft., shade, moist; big and lush with divided leaves and many tiny white flowers in branching inflorescence at top of plant (Rosaceae)
Asarum caudatum Wild ginger evergreen, 7-10 in., shade, moist; beautiful ground cover with dark, heart-shaped leaves, maroon flowers under leaves, ginger scented (Aristolochiaceae)
Asclepias fascicularis Narrow-leaf milkweed deciduous, 1-2.5 ft., hot sun, moist - dryish; dark pink flowers in rounded clusters, attracts butterflies, host plant for Monarch larvae (Asclepiadaceae)
Asclepias speciosa Showy milkweed deciduous, 1.5-4 ft., hot sun, moist - dryish; pink and white flowers in large, rounded clusters attract butterflies, host plant for Monarch larvae, but needs the hottest part of the garden west of the Cascades (Asclepiadaceae)
Aster modestus Great northern aster deciduous, 1-3 ft., part sun, moist; blooms late summer, blue and yellow "daisies" attract butterflies; good in a wildflower meadow, butterfly garden or perennial bed (Asteraceae)
Aster subspicatus Douglas' aster deciduous, 8-30 in., mostly sun, moist-dryish; blooms late summer, blue and yellow "daisies" attract butterflies; good in a wildflower meadow, butterfly garden or perennial bed (Asteraceae)
Camassia leichtlinii Great camas deciduous, 1.5-3 ft., moist winter / dryish summer; larger than common camas, both yellow and blue-flowered phases occur. A big, beautiful lily flowering late spring to early summer (Liliaceae)
Camassia quamash Common camas deciduous, 1-2 ft., moist winter / dryish summer; Perhaps best known for it's important use as a food plant by indigenous people in many parts of the west. Vast fields of camas were once fairly common in the PNW, the stalks covered with hyacinth-like flowers give a convincing illusion of blue water (Liliaceae)
Darmera (Peltiphyllum) peltatum Indian rhubarb, umbrella plant deciduous, 1-4 ft., some sun, wet; huge, lush leaves to 2 ft., branched clusters of small, pink flowers, great in boggy spots (Saxifragaceae)
Delphinium trolliifolium Trollius-leaved delphinium deciduous, 2-5 ft., mostly shade, moist; beautiful, blue flowers bloom early, but plants poisonous (Ranunculaceae)
Dicentra formosa Pacific bleeding-heart deciduous, 8-20 in., some shade, moist / wet; fern-like foliage and delicate purple-pink, heart-shaped flowers, spreads by rhizomes, utilized by butterflies (adults and larvae) (Fumariaceae)
Disporum hookeri Hooker's fairybell deciduous, 1-3 ft., some shade, moist; bell-shaped white flowers hang from beneath the branches of this graceful lily relative, showy orange berries ripen late summer-early fall (Liliaceae)
Disporum smithii Smith's fairy lantern deciduous, 1-3 ft., some shade, moist; bell-shaped white flowers hang from beneath the branches of this graceful lily relative, showy orange berries ripen late summer-early fall (Liliaceae)
Epilobium angustifolium Fireweed deciduous, 3-8 ft., sun, moist / dryish; gorgeous in bloom, but rowdy in habit, magenta flowers attract many insects, great for margins of a big, sunny meadow, or harsh, dryish location, but can be a rank monster in a fertile, moist flower garden (Onagraceae)
Erigeron glaucus Seaside fleabane daisy deciduous, 10-12 in., some sun, moist-dryish; blooms summer, blue and yellow "daisies" attract butterflies (Asteraceae)
Erythronium oregonum White fawn lily deciduous, 6-16 in., mostly shade, moist; blooms early spring with graceful, nodding white lilies, leaves mottled (Liliaceae)
Erythronium revolutum Pink fawn lily deciduous, 6-16 in., mostly shade, moist; blooms early spring with graceful, nodding pink lilies, leaves mottled (Liliaceae)
Fragaria chiloensis Beach strawberry evergreen, 4-10 in., some sun, moist-dryish; white flowers, small, red fruits, good ground cover, but can be aggressive (Rosaceae)
Fragaria vesca Woods strawberryevergreen if mild, 5-12 in., some shade, moist-dryish; white flowers, small, red fruits, good ground cover in woods (Rosaceae)
Fragaria virginiana Broadpetal strawberry evergreen if mild, 5-12 in., some shade, moist-dryish; white flowers, small, red fruits, good ground cover in woods (Rosaceae)
Fritillaria lanceolata Chocolate, checker lily deciduous, 1-2.5 ft., mostly shade, moist; blooms early spring with graceful, nodding maroon-mottled lilies (Liliaceae)
Gaillardia aristata Blanket flower deciduous, 1-3 ft., sun, moist; showy yellow and burnt-orange flower heads make this a garden favorite; the flowers attract butterflies and hummingbirds; seeds are eaten by birds (Asteraceae)
Geum macrophyllum Oregon avens deciduous, 2-3 ft., some shade, moist-dryish; yellow flowers, good woodland wildflower, can be aggressive (Rosaceae)
Geum triflorum Prairie smoke deciduous, 4-20 in., sun, moist-dryish; reddish flowers, showy, plume-like seed heads, good in dry meadow (Rosaceae)
Goodyera oblongifolia Western rattlesnake-plantain evergreen, 6-18 in., shade, moist-dryish; small, white flowers, mottled green and white leaves, a small orchid of the forest floor (Orchidaceae)
Grindelia integrifolia Puget Sound gumweed deciduous, 6-30 in., mostly sun, moist; bright yellow flower heads late summer, fall, flowers attract butterflies, good in wildflower meadow (Asteraceae)
Heuchera micrantha Small-flowered alumroot evergreen, 1-3 ft., some shade, moist; delicate sprays of tiny, white flowers attract butterflies, good in rock garden or perennial border (Saxifragaceae)
Hydrophyllum tenuipes Slender-stemmed waterleaf deciduous, 1-2 ft., some shade, moist; bold, toothed leaves lush in early spring, flowers whitish, good in woodland shade garden (Hydrophyllaceae)
Iris tenax Oregon iris deciduous, 8-16 in., mostly sun, moist-dryish; small, graceful iris of open meadows, flowers blue, purple, white or other colors (Iridaceae)
Lilium columbianum Tiger, Columbia lily deciduous, 2-5 ft., some sun, moist; blooms summer with nodding orange, maroon-spotted lilies on branched stalks, lovely in moist wildflower meadow (Liliaceae)
Linnaea borealis Twinflower evergreen, 2-6 in., some shade, moist-dryish; beautiful little ground cover with pairs of tubular, pink flowers and small, rounded leaves (Caprifoliaceae)
Linum perenne var. lewisii Wild blue flax deciduous, 1.5-2 ft., sun, moist-dryish, delicate grayish foliage, small, blue flowers all summer, good in dry wildflower meadow (Linaceae)
Lupinus albicaulis Sickle-keel, pine lupine deciduous, 3-5 ft., mostly sun, moist; stalks of blue flowers on large plants, good for bees in wildflower meadow; fixes Nitrogen (Fabaceae)
Lupinus latifolius Broadleaf lupine deciduous, 1.5-3.5 ft., mostly sun, moist-dryish; stalks of blue pea-flowers attract bees, a must in the wildflower meadow; fixes Nitrogen (Fabaceae)
Lupinus polyphyllus Large-leaved lupine deciduous, 2-4 ft., mostly sun, moist-wet; tall stalks of blue pea-flowers attract bees, a must in the wildflower meadow; fixes Nitrogen (Fabaceae)
Lupinus rivularis Streambank lupine evergreen if mild, 3-5 ft., mostly sun, moist, stalks of blue flowers on large plants, good in large meadow, will re-seed; fixes Nitrogen (Fabaceae)
Maianthemum dilatatum False lily-of-the-valley deciduous, 3-12 in., shade, moist; lush ground cover with heart-shaped leaves, stalks of small, white flowers followed by mottled, reddish berries, can be aggressive (Liliaceae)
Mertensia paniculata Tall bluebells deciduous, 1-4 ft., some shade, moist-wet; lovely perennial for the shady border, tubular, blue flowers, lush foliage (Boraginaceae)
Mimulus guttatus Yellow monkey flower deciduous, 1-2 ft., sun, wet; yellow "snapdragons" bloom in early summer, good along sunny stream or pond, re-seeds (Scrophulariaceae)
Mimulus lewisii Pink monkey flower deciduous, 1-3 ft., mostly sun, moist-wet; pink "snapdragons" bloom in summer, good along stream or pond, attracts hummers (Scrophulariaceae)
Mitella caulescens Leafy mitrewort deciduous, 8-15 in., some shade, moist; small, lacy greenish flowers, interesting woodland plant (Saxifragaceae)
Oxalis oregana Oregon oxalis deciduous, 2-10 in., shade, moist; lush woodland ground cover with "shamrock" leaves and pale pink flowers with darker veins, can be aggressive (Oxalidaceae)
Penstemon cardwellii Cardwell's penstemon evergreen, 6-18 in., sun, fast-draining,dry; small, shrub-like plants with large purple flowers in summer, great in rock garden, attracts hummers (Scrophulariaceae)
Penstemon davidsonii Davidson's penstemon evergreen, 2-4 in., sun, fast-draining,dry; small, low-growing plants with large purple flowers in summer, great in rock garden, attracts hummers (Scrophulariaceae)
Penstemon euglaucus Glaucous penstemon evergreen, 6-18 in., mostly sun, dryish; stalks or blue flowers attract hummers, great in dryish wildflower meadow (Scrophulariaceae)
Penstemon fruticosus Shrubby penstemon evergreen, 8-16 in., sun, fast-draining,dry; small, shrub-like plants with large purple flowers in summer, great in rock garden, attracts hummers (Scrophulariaceae)
Penstemon ovatus Broadleaf penstemon deciduous, 1.5-3 ft., sun, fast-draining, dryish; stalks of blue flowers attract hummers, great in dryish wildflower meadow (Scrophulariaceae)
Penstemon richardsonii Richardson's, cut-leaf penstemon deciduous, 1.5-3 ft., sun, fast-draining,dry; long branches often grow in rocky cliffs, making it great for rock gardens; hot pink flowers attract hummers (Scrophulariaceae)
Penstemon serrulatus Cascade penstemon deciduous, 8-24 in., some sun, moist; a penstemon that takes moisture and some shade; purple summer flowers attract hummers (Scrophulariaceae)
Penstemon subserratus Small-toothed penstemon deciduous, 1-2 ft., sun, fast-draining, dryish; stalks of blue flowers attract hummers, great in dryish wildflower meadow (Scrophulariaceae)
Phacelia nemoralis Woodland phacelia deciduous, 2-5 ft., some sun, moist-dryish; interesting woodland plant with whitish flowers, attracts hummers (Hydrophyllaceae)
Potentilla anserina ssp. pacifica Pacific silverweed deciduous, 8-16 in., mostly sun, moist-wet; bright yellow flowers, divided leaves silvery beneath, spreads by runners like strawberry (Rosaceae)
Potentilla glandulosa Sticky cinquefoil deciduous, 1-2 ft., sun, moist-dryish; creamy flowers and divided leaves, good in dryish wildflower meadow (Rosaceae)
Potentilla gracilis Graceful cinquefoil deciduous, 1-2 ft., sun, moist; yellow flowers and divided leaves, good in moist wildflower meadow (Rosaceae)
Sedum divergens Spreading stonecrop evergreen, 3-6 in., mostly sun, fast-draining,dryish; great in rock gardens, attracts butterflies (Crassulaceae)
Sedum laxum Lax stonecrop evergreen, 6-12 in., mostly sun, fast-draining, dryish; great in rock gardens, attracts butterflies (Crassulaceae)
Sedum oreganum Oregon stonecrop evergreen, 3-6 in., mostly sun, fast-draining, dryish; great in rock gardens, attracts butterflies (Crassulaceae)
Sedum oregonense Creamy stonecrop evergreen, 4-8 in., mostly sun, fast-draining, dryish; great in rock gardens, attracts butterflies (Crassulaceae)
Sedum spathulifolium Broadleaf stonecrop evergreen, 2-6 in., mostly sun, fast-draining, dryish; great in rock gardens, attracts butterflies (Crassulaceae)
Sedum stenopetalum Wormleaf stonecrop evergreen, 2-6 in., mostly sun, fast-draining, dryish; great in rock gardens, attracts butterflies (Crassulaceae)
Sisyrinchium bellum (S. angustifolium) Blue-eyed grass deciduous, 4-16 in., some sun, moist-dryish; delicate, blue flowered iris relative for rock garden or perennial border (Iridaceae)
Sisyrinchium californicum Golden-eyed grass deciduous, 6-18 in., some sun, wet-dryish; small iris relative produces bright yellow flowers all summer; great for the wildflower garden or border, but it can be aggressive (Iridaceae)
Solidago canadensis Canada goldenrod deciduous, 2-5 ft., mostly sun, moist; bright yellow plumes of tiny flowers attract butterflies late summer and fall, good for wildflower meadow or perennial bed (Asteraceae)
Solidago occidentalis Western goldenrod deciduous, 2-6 ft., mostly sun, moist; golden yellow clusters of tiny flowers attract butterflies late summer and fall, good for wildflower meadow or perennial bed, but aggressive (Asteraceae)
Smilacina (Maianthemum) racemosa False Solomon's-seal deciduous, 1-3 ft., some shade, moist; bold and graceful with spring plumes of small, fragrant white flowers followed by red berries, great in woodland garden or forest edge (Liliaceae)
Smilacina (Maianthemum) stellata star-flowered Solomon's plume deciduous, 6-18 in., some shade, moist; delicate white flowers followed by red berries, great in woodland or shade garden (Liliaceae)
Stachys cooleyae Cooley's hedge-nettle deciduous, 2-4 ft., some shade, moist-wet; pink flowers in summer look like tiny orchids, good in bog garden (Lamiaceae)
Syntheris reniformis Snow queen evergreen if mild, 4-6 in., some shade, moist-dryish; one of the earliest to bloom, usually in Feb. with bright blue flowers and rounded leaves, great in many garden settings (Scrophulariaceae)
Tellima grandiflora Fringecups evergreen if mild, 1.5-3 ft., some shade, moist-dryish; stalks of flowers with fringed petals open white, age pink, great in woodland garden, but will re-seed and can be aggressive (Saxifragaceae)
Thalictrum occidentalis Western meadowrue deciduous, 1.5-3 ft., some shade, moist; delicate, ferny foliage and small drooping, often purplish flowers make this a perfect plant for the shade garden (Ranunculaceae)
Tiarella trifoliata Trefoil foamflower evergreen if mild, 6-18 in., some shade, moist; small white flowers bloom most of the summer, lovely along a woodland path (Saxifragaceae)
Tolmiea menziesii Piggy-back plant, youth-on-age evergreen if mild, 1-2 ft., shade, moist-wet; also grown as foliage houseplant, new plantlets form at the junction of leaf blade and petiole, maroon flowers in spring (Saxifragaceae)
Trillium chloropetalum Giant trillium deciduous, 6-18 in., some shade, moist; 3 upright petals, cream or reddish, 3 large leaves often mottled purplish, great in woodland or shade garden (Liliaceae)
Trillium ovatum Western trillium deciduous, 6-18 in., some shade, moist; a classic woodland or shade garden plant with 3 large leaves and 3 petals that open white, age pink (Liliaceae)
Vancouveria hexandra Inside-out flower deciduous, 6-16 in., some shade, moist-dryish; good perennial under big trees, leaflets "duck foot" shaped, white flowers with petals flared back, like shooting stars (Berberidaceae)
Veratrum californicum California false hellebore, corn lily evergreen, 2-4 in., mostly sun, moist-wet; like a big corn plant with bold, ribbed leaves, clusters of small whitish flowers at shoot tips, great in a wet meadow, but poisonous (Liliaceae)
Viola adunca early blue violet deciduous, 2-4 in., some sun, moist / dryish; small blue violets in spring, great along shady path (Violaceae)
Viola glabella stream, yellow wood violet deciduous, 6-18 in., mostly shade, moist-wet; bright yellow violets on leafy stems in spring, great at the edge of a bog or stream (Violaceae)
Viola sempervirens evergreen, trailing yellow violet evergreen, 2-4 in., some shade, moist; yellow violets in spring appear among leaves, spreads slowly by runners, great along woodland path (Violaceae)


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